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Dyslexia - Reading deficiency

Discussion in 'Pediatrics' started by Dr.Night, Dec 1, 2011.

  1. Dr.Night

    Dr.Night Famous Member

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    Dyslexia is a deficiency which interferes with the learning process of reading and writing. People are not born with the capacity of reading. It has to be taught. Dyslexic people do not have a lower IQ and acquire new information as fast and as properly as regular persons. The only process that gives them troubles is that of reading and this interferes with the study of several disciplines.
    Other synonyms for dyslexia are: reading deficiency or reading incapacity.
    Reading is a complex cognitive process. Children learn how to read by deciphering sounds that make up words.
    For dyslexic children this process is a bit different. They have problems in deciphering phenomena and that is why they have problems in learning how to read and write.
    Dyslexic children may also have problems in planning and organizing different things as well as in solving mathematical exercises.
    Even thought dyslexia seems to be an inherited deficiency, its exact causes have not been discovered yet.
    The signs of a dyslexic deficiency vary according to age.
    However, if a children present some of the following symptoms, they have to be tested.


    1. For kinder garden children :
    - they may start to speak later than the other children;
    - they may have greater difficulties in pronouncing words that other children;
    - they may have problems in learning new words and remembering the right word;
    - they may have problems in learning the alphabet, the days of the week, the months of the year, colors , shapes, problems in reading and writing their own names;


    2. For kinder garden children till fourth grade children :
    - may have problems in reading words which are not surrounded by other words;
    - may have problems in understanding the connection between words and sounds;
    - may make constant reading and writing mistakes;


    3. For children from fifth grade to eight grade :
    - they may read at a lower level than the expected one;
    - they may avoid reading out loud;
    - they may have difficulties in solving math problems which are written in words not numbers;
    - they may have difficulties in remembering things;
    - they may avoid writing;


    4. For high school youngsters :
    - they may read very slow and inaccurately;
    - they may have the tendency to avoid tests which imply reading and writing;
    - they may have problems in resuming what they read;
    - they may not be able to remember what they read


    5. For adults :
    - they may have the tendency to hide their reading problems;
    - they may have problems in organizing and planning events in their lives.
    - they may rely on others to write for them;
    - they may have difficulties in organizing their time.

    source :
    Dyslexia - Reading deficiency
     

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  2. g12321

    g12321 Super Moderator

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    Having a child or being a child with dyslexia is nothing to be ashamed of. Some parents feel that the child will not be "normal", but history has and will continue to prove them wrong.
    Here is a list of the famous people with dyslexia and how they turned out.


    Actors & Entertainers:
    • Harry Anderson
    • Orlando Bloom
    • Harry Belafonte
    • Charley Boorman
    • Tom Cruise
    • Danny Glover
    • Whoopi Goldberg
    • Susan Hampshire
    • Jay Leno
    • Christopher Lowell
    • Keanu Reeves.
    • Kiera Knightley
    • Oliver Reed.
    • Billy Bob Thornton.
    • Tom Smothers
    • Vince Vaughn
    • Henry Winkler
    • Loretta Young
    Inventors & Scientists:


    • Ann Bancroft, Arctic Explorer.
    • Alexander Graham Bell.
    • John Britten, Inventor.
    • Pierre Curie, Physicist (1903 Nobel Prize).
    • Thomas Edison.
    • Albert Einstein.
    • Michael Faraday.
    • Carol Greider, Molecular Biologist, awarded 2009 Nobel Prize in Medicine.
    • Jack Horner, Paleontologist.
    • Dr. Peter Lovatt, psychologist and dancer.
    • Dr. James Lovelock.
    • Paul MacCready "Engineer of the Century."
    • Archer Martin, Chemist (1952 Nobel Laureate)
    • Matthew H. Schneps, Astrophysicist
    • John R. Skoyles, Brain Researcher.
    Artists, Designers, & Architects:


    • Leonardo da Vinci.
    • Ansel Adams, Photographer.
    • David Bailey, Photographer.
    • Chuck Close.
    • Ignacio Gomez, Muralist.
    • Tommy Hilfiger, Clothing Designer.
    • Ian Marley, Contemporary Artist, South Africa.
    • Pablo Picasso.
    • Robert Rauschenberg.
    • Auguste Rodin.
    • Bennett Strahan
    • Robert Toth
    • Jørn Utzon (architect, designed Sydney Opera house)
    • Andy Warhol.
    • Willard Wigan, micro sculptor.
    Law & Justice:


    • David Boies, Attorney.
    • Erin Brockovich, Investigator.
    • Jeffrey H. Gallet, Judge.
    Military Heroes:


    • Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson.
    • George Patton.
    Musicians & Vocalists:


    • Cher.
    • Brad Little.
    • John Lennon.
    • Nigel Kennedy, Violinist.
    • Bob Weir, Grateful Dead Guitarist.
    Athletes:


    • Muhammad Ali, World Heavyweight Champion Boxer
    • Duncan Goodhew, Olympic Swimmer
    • Bruce Jenner, Olympic Decathlon Gold Medalist
    • Magic Johnson
    • Greg Louganis
    • Bob May, golfer.
    • Diamond Dallas Page, World Wrestling Champion.
    • Steve Redgrave, Olympic Gold Medalist (rowing).
    • Nolan Ryan, Baseball Pitcher.
    • Rex Ryan, Coach.
    • Jackie Stewart, race car driver.
    Physicians & Surgeons


    • Harvey Cushing, Surgeon.
    • Fred Epstein, Neurosurgeon.
    Political Leaders:


    • Winston Churchill.
    • King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.
    • Michael Heseltine.
    • Andrew Jackson.
    • Thomas Jefferson.
    • John F. Kennedy.
    • Gavin Newsom, Mayor of San Francisco.
    • Nelson Rockefeller.
    • Paul Wellstone, U.S. Senator.
    • Woodrow Wilson.
    • George Washington.
    Entrepreneurs & Business Leaders:


    • Richard Branson,Founder of Virgin Enterprises.
    • John T Chambers,CEO of Cisco Systems.
    • Henry Ford.
    • William Hewlett, Co-Founder, Hewlett-Packard.
    • Ingvar Kamprad, founder of IKEA.
    • Sir Peter Leitch, New Zealand businessman
    • Craig McCaw, Telecommunications Visionary.
    • O.D. McKee, founder of McKee Foods.
    • David Neeleman, CEO of jetBlue Airways.
    • Paul J. Orfalea, founder of Kinko's.
    • Charles Schwab, Investor.
    • Ted Turner, President, Turner Broadcasting Systems.
    • Robert Woodruff, President of Coca-Cola, 1923-1954.
    • Frank W. Woolworth.
    Filmmakers:


    • Robert Benton.
    • Nicole Betancourt, Emmy-winning filmmaker.
    • Walt Disney.
    • Søren KraghJacobsen (Danish film director).
    Writers & Journalists:


    • Scott Adams, Cartoonist (Dilbert)
    • Hans Christian Andersen
    • Avi
    • Jeanne Betancourt, (Author of "My Name is Brain Brian").
    • Stephen Cannell, television writer & novelist.
    • John Corrigan, novelist.
    • Larry Chambers.
    • John Edmund Delezen, author of Eye of the Tiger and Red Plateau.
    • Andrew Dornenburg, award-winning author and chef.
    • Agatha Christie.
    • Fannie Flagg (Author of "Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe").
    • F. Scott Fitzgerald.
    • Gustave Flaubert.
    • Terry Goodkind fantasy writer, author of The Sword of Truth series.
    • Byron Pitts, CBS News Correspondent.
    • Patricia Polacco, Children's Author and Illustrator.
    • Eileen Simpson (Author of "Reversals").
    • Natasha Solomons, contemporary novelist.
    • Philip Schultz, winner of 2008 Pulitzer Prize for poetry.
    • Elizabeth Daniels Squire(author of mystery novels).
    • Bernie Taylor, author of Biological Time.
    • Victor Villaseñor
    • W.B. Yeats



    Read more: Famous People with the Gift of Dyslexia
     

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  3. Sandi.mulya

    Sandi.mulya Well-Known Member

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    this problem handled Occupational Therapy,
     

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