First Aid In Case Of Poisoning

Discussion in 'Emergency Medicine' started by Yousey El Shafey, Oct 15, 2019.

  1. Yousey El Shafey

    Yousey El Shafey Young Member

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    Poisoning is the exposure to harmful substances

    Causing of poisoning
    1. Chemicals, disinfectant and household detergents

    2. Kerosene and furniture polishing materials

    3. Food intoxication

    4. Drugs (overdosing)

    5. Co inhalation

    6. Insecticides

    7. Snake and scorpion bites

    Poisoning may be occurred through

    • Oral swallowing, this include corrosive substances, chemicals, overdose of medicines

    • Injections

    • Inhalation

    • Direct contact with skin or eye
    Symptoms of intoxication:
    • Fever, headache

    • Abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting

    • Heart palpitation, chest pain

    • Shortness of breathing, cough

    • Burns in the mouth and pharynx

    • Unconsciousness, drowsiness, dizziness agitation and hallucinations

    What should you do in case of poisoning?
    1. Observation of foreign substances (liquids, medicines, detergents), unpleasant odors

    2. Try to find out the type of substance, the amount of intake, the time of intake and the age of the person

    3. Note the symptoms of poisoning

    4. Dilute the toxic substance at full speed

    5. Seek medical help

    6. Maintain healthy breathing and circulation If necessary, begin rescue breathing and CPR

    7. Keep the person rolled onto the left side

    First aid for different poisoning

    First: First aid swallowing chemicals and household detergents (caustic soda .. potash) and sulfuric acid and iodine tincture:

    1. Monitor breathing with ventilator action if necessary.
    2. Give cold milk and egg whites
    3. Give a powerful analgesic to relieve pain
    4. The injured shall be taken to the hospital immediately.

    Some cautions:
    1. Vomiting is prevented
    2. Gastric lavage is prevented
    3. Do not give an unconscious person anything by mouth
    4. Acids such as vinegar and lemon juice are forbidden in alkaline poisoning such as flash


    Second: Fist aids in the case of disinfectant such as phenic, dettol, formalin and naphthalene

    1. In case of skin contamination, wash with plenty of water and 10% alcohol, preferably with olive oil or castor
    2. In the case of drinking disinfectants, prefer to give emetic syrup (Syrup of ipecac ) if the patient is conscious
    3. Take the patient to hospital immediately.



    Third: Fist aids for intoxication by ingestion of Kerosene and furniture polishing materials: -
    1. Maintain breathing mechanism and keep air passages open
    2. vomiting or gastric lavage are prevented
    3. Active charcoal has no role in stopping poisoning


    Forth: Food intoxication

    Food intoxication happens when the food is lifted too much time so become decayed and toxic
    Canned food
    Intoxication with toxins of botulism (in uncooked fish or salty fish)

    First aids for food intoxication
    1. Maintain breathing mechanism and keep airways open
    2. keep circulation


    Fifth: First aid in case of gas intoxication
    1. Rescue the person from the danger of the gas, fumes, or smoke
    2. Do not light a match or use a lighter because some gases can catch fire
    3. Maintain healthy breathing and circulation If necessary, begin rescue breathing and CPR


    In case of intoxication in eyes:

    1. Open the eyelids with hands and wash the eye with flowing water (take into account the pressure of washing water light) for at least ten minutes

    2. Do not use any drops

    3. Take the injured to the nearest hospital



    Most soap used for domestic cleaning is nontoxic due to the neutralization of alkaline substances used in it, but industrial detergents such as (Omo - Persil - Tide and others) contain organic and inorganic substances, laundry detergents and enzymes that facilitate the cleaning process which may be dangerous.


    For prevention of poisoning

    Be aware of poisons in and around your home.

    Store all medicines, cleaners, cosmetics, and household chemicals out of reach of children


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