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How Cord Blood Banking Will Change Medicine

Discussion in 'Hematology' started by Egyptian Doctor, Jan 18, 2014.

  1. Egyptian Doctor

    Egyptian Doctor Moderator Verified Doctor

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    A cord blood bank is a facility which stores Umbilical cord blood for future use. Both private and public cord blood banks have developed since the mid-to-late 1990s in response to the potential for cord blood in treating diseases of the blood and immune systems.

    Cord blood offers a number of advantages to donors and transplant recipients. It is easy to collect, often more likely to provide a suitable match and is stored frozen, ready to use.

    1. Cord blood collection is easy and poses no medical risk to the mother or newborn baby.
    Cord blood collection is a safe, simple procedure. The New York Blood Center's National Cord Blood Program staff collects cord blood from the delivered placenta, in a way that does not interfere with the care of the mother or newborn baby. Collection, therefore, poses no risk to mother or baby.

    2. Cord blood is collected in advance, tested and stored frozen, ready to use.
    Cord blood is donated in advance for anyone who might need it in the future. All routine testing is completed and the unit is stored frozen, ready to use. If a match is found, it can be reserved immediately. Confirmatory HLA typing and any special testing required is usually completed within 5 days. Unlike bone marrow, there is no need to take time to locate a possible volunteer and then determine whether he or she is still willing and able to donate.

    3. Cord blood transplants do not require a perfect match.
    Studies have shown that cord blood transplants can be performed in cases that the donor and the recipient are partially matched. In contrast, bone marrow grafts require 8/8 matching in most cases.

    Because partially matched cord blood transplants can be performed, cord blood increases the patient’s chance to find a suitable donor. With cord blood, a relatively small donor pool can effectively support most patients' needs. We have estimated, for example, that a national inventory of 150,000 cord blood units would provide acceptable matches for at least 80-90% of United States patients.

    4. Cord blood transplants are associated with lower incidence of GvHD.
    The immune cells in cord blood seem to be less likely than those in bone marrow from unrelated donors to attack the patient's own tissues (graft vs. host disease).

    5. Cord Blood Transplants are associated with lower risk of viral infections.
    Cord blood is also less likely to transmit certain common viruses, like Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV), potentially lethal infections for transplant recipients. CMV is carried as a latent virus by about half of the adult U.S. population, whereas less than 1 percent of infants are born with CMV.

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    Phartee and sakshi supehia like this.

  2. sakshi supehia

    sakshi supehia Famous Member

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    Useful information.. Lyk it ...:)
     

  3. JasmineZ

    JasmineZ Well-Known Member

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    I've been aware of how useful such banking could but sadly nothing I could say or perform could activate such a procedure in my country.
     

  4. Fredy k

    Fredy k Young Member

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    Thanks for sharing this information.
     

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