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The Most Common Surgical Procedures

Discussion in 'General Surgery' started by Egyptian Doctor, Jan 13, 2014.

  1. Egyptian Doctor

    Egyptian Doctor Moderator Verified Doctor

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    According to a study done by a team from Ohio University , these are the most common surgical procedures done in USA and mostly worldwide , the procedures are listed alphabetically as follow:

    Appendectomy

    An appendectomy is the surgical removal of the appendix, a small tube that branches off the large intestine, to treat acute appendicitis. Appendicitis is the acute inflammation of this tube due to infection.

    Watch video for Appendectomy

    Breast biopsy

    A biopsy is a diagnostic test involving the removal of tissue or cells for examination under a microscope. This procedure is also used to remove abnormal breast tissue. A biopsy may be performed using a hollow needle to extract tissue (needle biopsy), or a lump may be partially or completely removed (lumpectomy) for examination and/or treatment.

    Carotid endarterectomy

    Carotid endarterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove blockage from carotid arteries, the arteries located in the neck that supply blood to the brain. Left untreated, a blocked carotid artery can lead to a stroke.

    Cataract surgery

    Cataracts cloud the normally clear lens of the eyes. Cataract surgery involves the removal of the cloudy contents with ultrasound waves. In some cases, the entire lens is removed.

    Watch video for Cataract Surgery

    Cesarean section

    Cesarean section (also called a c-section) is the surgical delivery of a baby by an incision through the mother's abdomen and uterus. This procedure is performed when physicians determine it a safer alternative than a vaginal delivery for the mother, baby, or both.

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    Cholecystectomy

    A cholecystectomy is surgery to remove the gallbladder (a pear-shaped sac near the right lobe of the liver that holds bile). A gallbladder may need to be removed if the organ is prone to troublesome gallstones, if it is infected, or becomes cancerous.

    Coronary artery bypass

    Most commonly referred to as simply "bypass surgery," this surgery is often performed in people who have angina (chest pain) and coronary artery disease (where plaque has built up in the arteries). During the surgery, a bypass is created by grafting a piece of a vein above and below the blocked area of a coronary artery, enabling blood to flow around the obstruction. Veins are usually taken from the leg, but arteries from the chest may also be used to create a bypass graft.

    Debridement of wound, burn, or infection

    Debridement involves the surgical removal of foreign material and/or dead, damaged, or infected tissue from a wound or burn. By removing the diseased or dead tissue, healthy tissue is exposed to allow for more effective healing.

    Dilation and curettage (Also called D & C.)

    A D&C is a minor operation in which the cervix is dilated (expanded) so that the cervical canal and uterine lining can be scraped with a curette (spoon-shaped instrument).

    Free skin graft

    A skin graft involves detaching healthy skin from one part of the body to repair areas of lost or damaged skin in another part of the body. Skin grafts are often performed as a result of burns, injury, or surgical removal of diseased skin. They are most often performed when the area is too large to be repaired by stitching or natural healing.

    Hemorrhoidectomy

    A hemorrhoidectomy is the surgical removal of hemorrhoids, distended veins in the lower rectum or anus.

    Hysterectomy

    A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of a woman's uterus. This may be performed either through an abdominal incision or vaginally.

    Hysteroscopy

    Hysteroscopy is a surgical procedure used to help diagnose and treat many uterine disorders. The hysteroscope (a viewing instrument inserted through the vagina for a visual examination of the canal of the cervix and the interior of the uterus) can transmit an image of the uterine canal and cavity to a television screen.

    Inguinal hernia repair

    Inguinal hernias are protrusions of part of the intestine into the muscles of the groin. Surgical repair pulls the intestine back to its original location.

    Low back pain surgery

    Low back pain can have various causes, including abnormal development of the backbone, stress on the back, injury, or a physical disorder that affects the bones of the spine. Usually, surgery is not considered until other options have been exhausted, including rest, medication, and mild exercise. The type of surgery performed on the back depends on the diagnosis.

    Mastectomy

    A mastectomy is the removal of all or part of the breast. Mastectomies are usually performed to treat breast cancer. There are several types of mastectomies "Partial - Total - Modified Radical - Radical"

    Watch video for Mastectomy

    Partial colectomy

    A partial colectomy is the removal of part of the large intestine (colon) which may be performed to treat cancer of the colon or long-term ulcerative colitis.

    Prostatectomy

    The surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland, the sex gland in men that surrounds the neck of the bladder and urethra - the tube that carries urine away from the bladder. A prostatectomy may be performed for an enlarged prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), or if the prostate gland is cancerous.

    Tonsillectomy

    The surgical removal of one or both tonsils. Tonsils are located at the back of the mouth and help fight infections.

    Watch video for Tonsillectomy


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  2. ibrahemazaman

    ibrahemazaman Famous Member

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    interesting...thanks dr.
     

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  3. padypady

    padypady Young Member

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    Thanks very much Dr, i am glad for these videos as it's my desire to be a surgeon after medical school. So nice and practical lectures.
     

  4. drsaleemjaved2004

    drsaleemjaved2004 Well-Known Member

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    i think circumcision is the most common surgery
     

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  5. SharpBlow

    SharpBlow Active member

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    another video for mastectomy plz
     

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