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Thermal Burns Treatment

Discussion in 'Plastic Surgery' started by Hadeel Abdelkariem, Oct 26, 2018.

  1. Hadeel Abdelkariem

    Hadeel Abdelkariem Golden Member

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    For All Burns

    [​IMG]

    1. Stop Burning Immediately

    • Put out fire or stop the person's contact with hot liquid, steam, or other material.
    • Help the person "stop, drop, and roll" to smother flames.
    • Remove smoldering material from the person.
    • Remove hot or burned clothing. If clothing sticks to skin, cut or tear around it.
    2. Remove Constrictive Clothing Immediately

    • Take off jewelry, belts, and tight clothing. Burns can swell quickly.
    Then take the following steps:

    [​IMG]

    For First-Degree Burns (Affecting Top Layer of Skin)
    1. Cool Burn

    • Hold burned skin under cool (not cold) running water or immerse in cool water until pain subsides.
    • Use compresses if running water isn’t available.
    2. Protect Burn

    • Cover with sterile, non-adhesive bandage or clean cloth.
    • Do not apply butter or ointments, which can cause infection.
    3. Treat Pain

    • Give over-the-counter pain reliever such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), acetaminophen (Tylenol), or naproxen (Aleve).
    4. When to See a Doctor

    Seek medical help if:

    • You see signs of infection, like increased pain, redness, swelling, fever, or oozing.
    • The person needs tetanus or booster shot, depending on date of last injection. Tetanus booster should be given every 10 years.
    • The burn blister is larger than two inches or oozes.
    • Redness and pain last more than a few hours.
    • Pain worsens.
    5. Follow Up

    • The doctor will examine the burn and may prescribe antibiotics and pain medication.
    For Second-Degree Burns (Affecting Top 2 Layers of Skin)
    1. Cool Burn

    • Immerse in cool water for 10 or 15 minutes.
    • Use compresses if running water isn’t available.
    • Don’t apply ice. It can lower body temperature and cause further pain and damage.
    • Don’t break blisters or apply butter or ointments, which can cause infection.
    2. Protect Burn

    • Cover loosely with sterile, nonstick bandage and secure in place with gauze or tape.
    3. Prevent Shock

    Unless the person has a head, neck, or leg injury, or it would cause discomfort:

    • Lay the person flat.
    • Elevate feet about 12 inches.
    • Elevate burn area above heart level, if possible.
    • Cover the person with coat or blanket.
    4. See a Doctor

    • The doctor can test burn severity, prescribe antibiotics and pain medications, and administer a tetanus shot, if needed.
    For Third-Degree Burns
    1. Call 911

    2. Protect Burn Area

    • Cover loosely with sterile, nonstick bandage or, for large areas, a sheet or other material that that won’t leave lint in wound.
    • Separate burned toes and fingers with dry, sterile dressings.
    • Do not soak burn in water or apply ointments or butter, which can cause infection.
    3. Prevent Shock

    Unless the person has a head, neck, or leg injury or it would cause discomfort:

    • Lay the person flat.
    • Elevate feet about 12 inches.
    • Elevate burn area above heart level, if possible.
    • Cover the person with coat or blanket.
    • For an airway burn, do not place pillow under the person's head when the person is lying down. This can close the airway.
    • Have a person with a facial burn sit up.
    • Check pulse and breathing to monitor for shock until emergency help arrives.
    4. See a Doctor

    • Doctors will give oxygen and fluid, if needed, and treat the burn.
    Source
     

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