Discussion in 'Spot Diagnosis' started by Egyptian Doctor, Apr 1, 2012.
What is your medical diagnosis for this case ?
Answer : Xanthelasma
[h=1]Xanthoma[/h]Skin growths - fatty; Xanthelasma
Last reviewed: May 13, 2011.
Xanthoma is a skin condition in which certain fats build up under the surface of the skin.
[h=2]Causes, incidence, and risk factors[/h]Xanthomas are common, particularly among older adults and people with high blood lipids.
Xanthomas vary in size. Some are very small, while others are bigger than 3 inches in diameter. They may appear anywhere on the body, but are most often seen on the elbows, joints, tendons, knees, hands, feet, or buttocks.
They may be a sign of a medical condition that involves an increase in blood lipids. Such conditions include:
Inherited metabolic disorders such as familial hypercholesterolemia
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Xanthelasma palpebra, a common type of xanthoma that appears on the eyelids and may occur without any underlying medical condition, is not necessarily associated with elevated cholesterol or lipids.
[h=2]Symptoms[/h]A xanthoma looks like a sore or bump under the skin. It's usually flat, soft to the touch, and yellow in color. It has sharp, distinct edges.
[h=2]Signs and tests[/h]Your health care provider will examine the skin. Usually, a diagnose of xanthoma can be made by looking at your skin. A biopsy of the growth will show a fatty deposit.
You may have blood tests done to check lipid levels, liver function, and for diabetes.
[h=2]Treatment[/h]If you have a disease that causes increased blood lipids, treating the condition may help reduce the development of xanthomas.
If the growth bothers you, your doctor may remove it. However, xanthomas may come back after surgery.
[h=2]Expectations (prognosis)[/h]The growth is non-cancerous and painless, but may be a sign of another medical condition.
[h=2]Complications[/h]The growth may cause a change in how you look. This is called cosmetic disfiguring.
[h=2]Calling your health care provider[/h]Call your health care provider if xanthomas develop. They may indicate an underlying disorder that needs treatment.
[h=2]Prevention[/h]Control of blood lipids, including triglycerides and cholesterol levels, may help to reduce development of xanthomas.
from : Xanthoma - PubMed Health
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