Discussion in 'Spot Diagnosis' started by neo_star, Feb 1, 2013.
What's the condition called and what's it's cause ?
Condition : Noma aka Gangrenous Stomatitis
Cause : Polymicrobial Infection secondary to Immunodeficiency
Answer : Cancrum oris aka Noma aka Gangrenous stomatis
Cancrum oris is a rapidly spreading, necrotic ulceration of the cheek, exposing the underlying bone, leading to a well-defined slough and a large defect in the cheek or lip. Soon bone and teeth sequestrate.
caused by : organisms of Vincent's stomatitis, namely Fusobacterium fusiforme and Borrelia vincenti.
Common in : Africa, Asia and S. America, predominantly in malnourished children
Predisposing factor : commonest is Measles, but gastroenteritis, typhoid, bronchopneumonia and kala azar may act as antecedents.
Credit to dracomalfoy for answering it concisely & precisely.
Separate names with a comma.