Discussion in 'Spot Diagnosis' started by neo_star, Jan 12, 2013.
What's the Diagnosis ?
looks like Iris Melanoma but still i consider there as DD:
4-Iridocorneal endothelial syndrome
5-Primary iris pigment epithelial tumors
Doesn't look like a hyphema so my guess would be melanoma or naevi - I don't know any others!
Hyphema. (Blood behind cornea.)
Answer: Iris Melanoma
But without Hx and Eye exam - all differentials are valid
I will try and break up the differentials and sum up the main differentials in a slide.
- present from birth and no change - naevus
- present from birth but rapid growth noticed - most likely tranformed into melanoma
- appeared suddenly - can be metastatic...check for melanoma elsewhere
- good vascularity - likely to be melanoma
- poor or no vascularity - likely to be benign ( nevus )
- the lesion transilluminates ( cyst )
- if hyphema is present in addition, then it's likely to be melanoma ( blood from the leaky vasculature )
- will help look for encroachment of the angle
Since Iris melanoma is not expected to spread widely or even locally...close follow up with slit lamp and gonioscopy is the key. If it looks threatening then iridectomy.
Iridocorneal Endothelial syndrome, is beyond the scope of this discussion ( actually beyond my scope :hhh: ). Those interested please visit
In general, uveal melanomas are three times more common in patients with blue/grey than brown irides. They are extremely rare in blacks and there is no sexual predominance. Conditions associated with or predisposing to uveal melanomas are: (a) fair skin, (b) light iris colour, (c) numerous cutaneous naevi, (d) congenital ocular melanocytosis, (e) oculodermal melanocytosis (naevus of Ota), (f) uveal melanocytoma, (g) dysplastic cutaneous naevi, (h) familial cutaneous melanoma and (i) NF1. About 8% of uveal melanomas arise in the iris. The prognosis is very good and only about 5% of patients develop metastases within 10 years of treatment.
ref - Kanski, 7th ed ( but in my own words )
Ultrasound biomicroscopy ( if avaialable ) can throw further light on the nature ( cyst vs nevus vs melanoma ) and depth of the lesion.
ref - Intraocular Tumors: An Atlas and Text
Separate names with a comma.