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Understanding Cancer Series-Part9 (Malignant versus Benign Tumors)

Discussion in 'Oncology' started by waleed, Sep 20, 2011.

  1. waleed

    waleed Moderator

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    Depending on whether or not they can spread by invasion and metastasis, tumors are classified as being either benign or malignant. Benign tumors are tumors that cannot spread by invasion or metastasis; hence, they only grow locally Common examples of benign tumors include moles and uterine fibroids.The term "benign" implies a mild and nonprogressive disease. Indeed, many kinds of benign tumors are harmless to human health. However, some neoplasms defined as "benign tumors" because they lack the invasive properties of a cancer may still produce negative health effects. Examples of this include tumors which produce a "mass effect" (compression of vital organs such as blood vessels), or tumors of endocrine tissues, which may overproduce certain hormones. Examples include thyroid adenomas, adrenocortical adenomas, and pituitary adenomas.

    Benign tumors typically are surrounded by an outer surface (fibrous sheath) that inhibits their ability to behave in a malignant manner. Malignant tumors are tumors that are capable of spreading by invasion and metastasis. By definition, the term "cancer" applies only to malignant tumors.

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    source 1:Benign tumor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    source 2:Comprehensive Cancer Information - National Cancer Institute
     

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