In the event that you've ever been so sick that you had to see your family doctor, at this point, you know how outstanding a doctor's job is. In short, doctors help people get well and recover from their illness. Whether they work in clinics, hospitals, healthcare organizations or communities, doctors work to keep people healthy. The work done by doctors involves analyzing the patient's medical history and assessing his/her health status by conducting a thorough physical examination of the patient. To determine the problem, they take into account vital signs, general physical condition, and a description of its symptoms. Prior to completing the diagnosis, doctors often require lab tests and imaging tests. They would then interpret the results and inform the patient. Based on these findings, doctors will determine what medications to prescribe and what lifestyle changes to make, if necessary. Physicians also provide guidance to patients on how to improve health by observing proper nutrition, hygiene and exercise. They also monitor patients, especially those who have been diagnosed with a chronic condition, and make the necessary adjustments to their treatment plan in the event that the patient does not advance the initial plan. In the event that they find that another doctor or specialist may provide treatment, patients are also advised to consult them. Doctors do not usually use surgery to treat patients. This task is the responsibility of the surgeon, whose primary mode of intervention in treating patients is to let them go under the knife. If the doctor believes that surgery is justified - for example, when a tumor needs to be removed because of its giant size or when heart surgery is required in order to prolong a patient's life - it usually works in tandem with the patient’s surgeon to develop the best possible treatment plan. It also informs the surgeon of the potential risks that the patient will assume during surgery. Responsibilities and tasks, as well as the conditions and patients that doctors will treat, often depend on their area of specialization. Pediatricians, for example, treat young people and infants. They vaccinate infants and diseases and conditions common to children. While Obstetricians and gynecologists, on the other hand, provide care to women; they monitor a woman's pregnancy and have babies. Internists usually work with adults and are interested in diseases of a person's internal organs. Diagnosing and treatment of mental disorders and mental illness are the job of psychiatrists. The area of the hospital they are assigned to also determines the tasks of the doctor. For example, emergency physicians are the first care providers when patients are brought in as a result of an accident or injury. They need to know how to use emergency equipment to keep patients alive. They also perform various procedures to help patients ease their condition. They suture wounds, repair dislocated joints, and provide painkillers to people with severe pain. Doctors often have to work long hours. Here's a typical schedule: They see an average of 20 patients in the morning at their clinic and then go to a hospital circle to monitor the progress of patients admitted. This responsibility often extends their working hours each day from one to three hours, depending on the number of patients and the type of illness they are suffering from. Doctors are often asked to be on call. This means that they are forced to return to the hospital at any time of the day or night when their services are needed. In addition to regular hospital work, physicians can also participate in educational programs in various local communities and around the world. These medical missions allow them to provide services to sectors of society that most need medical care but who cannot pay for it. They do not charge a fee for their services and can partner with drug delivery organizations to patients participating in these assistance programs. Their expertise is often needed after disasters such as typhoons, storms and earthquakes that might have injured and suffered many people.