The future of surgery : 1. Virtual reality : A few days earlier than tugging on surgical gloves to slice open a patient’s brain, physicians at Stanford University slip on virtual reality goggles to assist put together for the risky procedure. Conventional MRI or CT scans can reveal only so a good deal about what a patient’s brain appears like. But feed these pictures into VR technology, and surgeons can see the brain—all the ridges and fissures, lobes and veins—in 3D, so they can simulate surgical procedure earlier than stepping into the operating room. So its like they have been there before and there is no surprises or unexpected complications may happen Pharmaceutical giant Johnson & Johnson has spent millions of dollars on an initiative it began in 2017 to establish 24 surgical training centers, a few of which have virtual reality, worldwide. Though off-the-shelf virtual reality hardware is becoming cheaper, it’s still expensive to integrate with the necessary software that translates conventional medical images into 3D The virtual reality system is helping to train residents, assist surgeons in planning upcoming operations and educate patients. It also helps surgeons in the operating room, guiding them in a three-dimensional space. 2. Robotic surgery : Robotic surgical procedure with the da Vinci Surgical System was once accredited through the Food and Drug Administration in 2000. The approach has been rapidly adopted via hospitals in the United States and Europe for use in the cure of a broad vary of conditions. The most broadly used clinical robotic surgical device consists of a digital camera arm and mechanical arms with surgical instruments connected to them. The health care provider controls the arms whilst seated at a computer console near the running table. The console offers the healthcare professional a high-definition, magnified, 3-d view of the surgical site. The health care provider leads other group individuals who help at some stage in the operation Robotic surgery isn't an option for everyone. Talk with your doctor about the benefits and risks of robotic surgery and how it compares with other techniques, such as other types of minimally invasive surgery and conventional open surgery. According to market analysis, the industry is about to boom. By 2020, surgical robotics sales are expected to almost double to $6.4 billion 3. Minimally invasive surgery: Minimally invasive surgery promised faster recoveries, less pain, less ‘collateral’ damage to healthy parts of the body and fewer complications, thus reducing costs and improving outcomes. One restriction is the control and accuracy specialists have during the procedure. Due to the little estimate of the cut and inaccessible control devices, specialists have much less room to function, requiring extra preparing and encounter to speed up surgery times and diminish complications. Another restriction is imaging. In negligibly intrusive surgery, the anatomical data and instrument arrangement is as it were obvious through medical imaging, like fluoroscopy. Be that as it may, fluoroscopy depends on contrast dyes and X-rays to make grainy, black and white, 2D images. Fortunately, analysts around the world have been working on settling these restrictions. 4. Live diagnostic : Live diagnostics The brilliantly surgical cut (iKnife) was created by Zoltan Takats of Imperial College London. It works by utilizing an old innovation where an electrical current warms tissue to create incisions with negligible blood loss. With the iKnife, a mass spectrometer analyzes the vaporized smoke to distinguish the chemicals within the biological test. This implies it can recognize whether the tissue is harmful real-time. The innovation is particularly valuable in recognizing cancer in its early stages and in this way moving cancer treatment towards anticipation. As a summary: it is still not known whether the surgeries will be done by surgeon in the future or all the job will be done by robotics by advanced technology and detecting sensors . but it is promising that the future will introduce less pain and more safe alternatives ..