Common Medical Abbreviations For OET Exam

Discussion in 'PLAB' started by Egyptian Doctor, Aug 18, 2019.

  1. Egyptian Doctor

    Egyptian Doctor Moderator Verified Doctor

    Mar 21, 2011
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    Practicing medicine in:

    A - Medical abbreviations
    a.c.: Before meals. As in taking a medicine before meals.
    a/g ratio: Albumin to globulin ratio.
    ACL: Anterior cruciate ligament. ACL injuries are one of the most common
    ligament injuries to the knee. The ACL can be sprained or completely torn from
    trauma and/or degeneration.
    Ad lib: At liberty. For example, a patient may be permitted to move out of bed
    freely and orders would, therefore, be for activities to be ad lib.
    AFR: Acute renal failure
    ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
    ADR: Adverse drug reaction. If a patient is taking a prescription drug to treat high
    blood pressure disease
    AIDS: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
    AKA: Above the knee amputation.
    Anuric: Not producing urine. A person who is anuric is often critical and may
    require dialysis.
    ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no
    evidence of disease.
    ADH: Antidiuretic hormone
    ARDS: Acute respiratory distress syndrome.
    ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure
    ASCVD: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. A form of heart disease.

    B - Medical abbreviations
    b.i.d.: Twice daily. As in taking a medicine twice daily.
    bld: Blood. Blood was visible on the patient’s scalp.
    Bandemia: Slang for elevated level of band forms of white blood cells.
    Bibasilar: At the bases of both lungs. For example, someone with a pneumonia in
    both lungs might have abnormal bibasilar breath sounds.
    BKA: Below the knee amputation.
    BMP: Basic metabolic panel. Electrolytes (potassium, sodium, carbon dioxide,
    and chloride) and creatinine and glucose.
    BP: Blood pressure. Blood pressure is recorded as part of the physical
    examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
    BPD: Borderline personality disorder. A personality disorder.
    BSO: Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. A BSO is the removal of both of the
    ovaries and adjacent Fallopian tubes and often is performed as part of a total
    abdominal hysterectomy.

    C - Medical abbreviations

    C&S: Culture and sensitivity, performed to detect infection.
    C/O: Complaint of. The patient's expressed concern.
    cap: Capsule.
    Ca: Cancer; carcinoma. For example, a patient who undergoing treatment for
    cancer should assure that they are eating and drinking enough fluids daily, both
    during and after treatment.
    CABG. Coronary artery bypass graft. A surgery involving the heart.
    CBC: Complete blood count.
    CC: Chief complaint. The patient's main concern.
    CDE: Complete dental (oral) evaluation.
    cc: Cubic centimeters. For example, the amount of fluid removed from the body
    is recorded in ccs.
    Chem panel: Chemistry panel. A comprehensive screening blood test that
    indicates the status of the liver, kidneys, and electrolytes.
    CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea.
    COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    CT: Chemotherapy. A type of treatment therapy for cancer.
    CVA: Cerebrovascular accident (Stroke).

    D - Medical abbreviations

    D/C or DC: Discontinue or discharge. For example, a doctor will D/C a drug.
    Alternatively, the doctor might DC a patient from the hospital.
    DCIS: Ductal Carcinoma In Situ. A type of breast cancer. The patient is receiving
    treatment for Ductal Carcinoma In Situ.
    DDX: Differential diagnosis. A variety diagnostic possibilities are being
    considered to diagnose the type of cancer present in the patient.
    DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis.
    DM: Diabetes mellitus.
    DNC, D&C, or D and C: Dilation and curettage. Widening the cervix and scrapping
    with a curette for the purpose of removing tissue lining the inner surface of the
    womb (uterus).
    DNR: Do not resuscitate. This is a specific order not to revive a patient artificially
    if they succumb to illness. If a patient is given a DNR order, they are not
    resuscitated if they are near death and no code blue is called.
    DOE: Dyspnea on exertion. Shortness of breath with activity.
    DTR: Deep tendon reflexes. These are reflexes that the doctor tests by banging
    on the tendons with a rubber hammer.
    DVT: Deep venous thrombosis (blood clot in large vein).

    E - Medical abbreviations
    ETOH: Alcohol. ETOH intake history is often recorded as part of a patient history.
    ECT: Electroconclusive therapy. A procedure used to control seizures

    F - Medical abbreviations
    FX: Fracture.

    G - Medical abbreviations
    g: gram, a unit of weight. The cream is available in both 30 and 60 gram tubes.
    GOMER: Slang for "get out of my emergency room."
    GvHD: Graft vs. host disease. It is complicated by the syndromes of acute and
    chronic graft-vs-host disease (GVHD).
    gtt: Drops.

    H - Medical abbreviations
    H&H: Hemoglobin and hematocrit. When the H & H is low, anemia is present. The
    H&H can be elevated in persons who have lung disease from long term smoking
    or from disease, such as polycythemia rubra vera.
    H&P: History and physical examination.
    h.s.: At bedtime. As in taking a medicine at bedtime.
    H/O or h/o: History of. A past event that occurred.
    HA: Headache.
    HRT: Hormone replacement or hormone replacement therapy.
    HTN: Hypertension.

    I - Medical abbreviations
    I&D: Incision and drainage.
    IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the
    gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis
    ICD: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
    ICU: Intensive care unit. The patient was moved to the intensive care unit.
    IM: Intramuscular. This is a typical notation when noting or ordering an injection
    (shot) given into muscle, such as with B12 for pernicious anemia.
    IMP: Impression. This is the summary conclusion of the patient's condition by the
    healthcare professional at that particular date and time.
    ITU: Intensive therapy unit
    in vitro: In the laboratory
    in vivo: In the body
    IPF: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. A type of lung disease.
    IU: International units.

    J - Medical abbreviations
    JT: Joint.

    K - Medical abbreviations
    K: Potassium. An essential electrolyte frequently monitored regularly in intensive
    KCL: Potassium chloride.

    L - Medical abbreviations
    LCIS: Lobular Carcinoma In Situ. A type of cancer of the breast. The patient is
    receiving treatment for Lobular Carcinoma In Situ.
    LBP: Low back pain. LBP is one of most common medical complaints.
    LLQ: Left lower quadrant. Diverticulitis pain is often in the LLQ of the abdomen.
    LUQ: Left upper quadrant. The spleen is located in the LUQ of the abdomen.
    Lytes: Electrolytes (potassium, sodium, carbon dioxide, and chloride).

    M - Medical abbreviations
    MCL: Medial collateral ligament.
    mg: Milligrams.
    M/H: Medical history
    ml: Milliliters.
    MVP: Mitral valve prolapse.

    N - Medical abbreviations
    N/V: Nausea or vomiting.
    Na: Sodium. An essential electrolyte frequently monitored regularly in intensive
    NCP: Nursing care plan
    npo: Nothing by mouth. For example, if a patient was about to undergo a surgical
    operation requiring general anesthesia, they may be required to avoid food or
    beverage prior to the procedure.
    NSR: Normal sinus rhythm of the heart

    O - Medical abbreviations
    O&P: Ova and parasites. Stool O & P is tested in the laboratory to detect parasitic
    infection in persons with chronic diarrhea.
    O.D.: Right eye.
    O.S.: Left eye.
    O.U.: Both eyes.
    ORIF: Open reduction and internal fixation, such as with the orthopedic repair of
    a hip fracture.

    P - Medical abbreviations
    P: Pulse. Pulse is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the
    "vital signs."
    p¯: After meals. As in take two tablets after meals.
    p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os.
    p.r.n.: As needed. So that it is not always done, but done only when the situation
    calls for it (or example, taking a pain medication only when having pain and not
    without pain).
    PCL: Posterior cruciate ligament.
    PD: Progressive disease. Patients at risk of developing progressive disease of the
    kidneys include those with proteinuria or hematuria.
    PERRLA: Pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation.
    PFT: Pulmonary function test. A test to evaluate the how well the lungs are
    PERRLA: Pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation.
    Plt: Platelets, one of the blood forming elements along with the white and red
    blood cells.
    PMI: Point of maximum impulse of the heart when felt during examination, as in
    beats against the chest.
    PMS: Premenstrual syndrome
    PT: Physical therapy
    PTH: Parathyroid hormone
    PTSD: Post-traumatic stress syndrome
    PUD: Peptic ulcer disease. A type of ulcer of the stomach.

    Q - Medical abbreviations
    q.d.: Each day. As in taking a medicine daily.
    q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily.
    q2h: Every 2 hours. As in taking a medicine every 2 hours.
    q3h: Every 3 hours. As in taking a medicine every 3 hours.
    qAM: Each morning. As in taking a medicine each morning.
    qhs: At each bedtime. As in taking a medicine each bedtime.
    qod: Every other day. As in taking a medicine every other day.
    qPM: Each evening. As in taking a medicine each evening.

    R - Medical abbreviations
    RA: Rheumatoid arthritis. A type of joint disease.
    RDS: Respiratory distress syndrome
    R/O: Rule out. Doctors frequently will rule out various possible diagnoses when
    figuring out the correct diagnosis.
    REB: Rebound, as in rebound tenderness of the abdomen when pushed in and
    then released.
    RLQ: Right lower quadrant. The appendix is located in the RLQ of the abdomen.
    ROS: Review of systems. An overall review concerns relating to the organ
    systems, such as the respiratory, cardiovascular, and neurologic systems.
    RUQ: Right upper quadrant. The liver is located in the RUQ of the abdomen.

    S - Medical abbreviations

    s/p: Status post. For example, a person who had a knee operation would be s/p a
    knee operation.
    SAD: Season affective disorder. A type of depression that occurs during the
    winter months when there is little light.
    SOB: Shortness of breath.
    SQ: Subcutaneous. This is a typical notation when noting or ordering an injection
    (shot) given into the fatty tissue under the skin, such as with insulin for diabetes

    T - Medical abbreviations
    T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is
    one of the "vital signs."
    T&A: Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
    t.i.d.: Three times daily. As in taking a medicine three times daily.
    tab: Tablet
    TAH: Total abdominal hysterectomy
    TAH: Total abdominal hysterectomy. A type of surgery to remove a woman’s
    uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
    THR: Total hip replacement
    TKR: Total knee replacement
    TMJ: Tempomandibular joint

    U - Medical abbreviations
    UA or u/a: Urinalysis. A UA is a typical part of a comprehensive physical
    U or u**: Unit. Mistaken as the number 0 or 4, causing a 10-fold overdose or
    greater (for example, 4U seen as "40" or 4u seen as "44"); mistaken as "cc" so
    the dose is given in volume instead of units (for example, 4u seen as 4cc).
    ULN: Upper limits of normal
    URI: Upper respiratory infection, such as sinusitis or the common cold
    ut dict: As directed. As in taking a medicine according to the instructions that the
    health care professional gave in the office or in the past
    UTI: Urinary tract infection

    V - Medical abbreviations
    VSS: Vital signs are stable. This notation means that from the standpoint of the
    temperature, blood pressure, and pulse, the patient is doing well.

    W - Medical abbreviations
    Wt: Weight. Body weight is often recorded as part of the physical examination.

    X - Medical abbreviations
    XRT: Radiotherapy (external). A type of treatment that uses radiation.

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